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Hero

hero

Hero ist ein Wuxia-Film, der in der Volksrepublik China am Oktober in die Kinos kam. Regie führte Zhang Yimou. Der Film wurde in den USA von. Hero steht für: eine Aphrodite-Priesterin in der griechischen Sage, siehe Hero und Leander; eine der weiblichen Hauptrollen in William Shakespeares Viel Lärm. Hero ist ein international tätiger, auf Fruchterzeugnisse, Babynahrung und Müsliriegel spezialisierter Schweizer Lebensmittelkonzern mit Sitz in Lenzburg.

Partridge concludes, "The basic sense of both Hera and hero would therefore be 'protector'. Beekes rejects an Indo-European derivation and asserts that the word has a Pre-Greek origin.

A classical hero is considered to be a "warrior who lives and dies in the pursuit of honor" and asserts their greatness by "the brilliancy and efficiency with which they kill".

Classical heroes are commonly semi-divine and extraordinarily gifted, like Achilles , evolving into heroic characters through their perilous circumstances.

Hector acted as leader of the Trojans and their allies in the defense of Troy, "killing 31, Greek fighters," offers Hyginus. Indeed, Homer places Hector as peace-loving, thoughtful as well as bold, a good son, husband and father, and without darker motives.

However, his familial values conflict greatly with his heroic aspirations in The Iliad, as he cannot be both the protector of Troy and a father to his child.

Achilles was a Greek Hero who was considered the most formidable military fighter in the entire Trojan War and the central character of The Iliad.

He was the child of Thetis and Peleus , making him a demi-god. He wielded superhuman strength on the battlefield and was blessed with a close relationship to the Gods.

Achilles famously refuses to fight after his dishonoring at the hands of Agamemnon, and only returns to the war due to unadulterated rage after Hector kills his close friend Patroclus.

Achilles plays a tragic role in The Iliad brought about by constant de-humanization throughout the epic, having his menis wrath overpower his philos love.

Heroes in myth often had close but conflicted relationships with the gods. Thus Heracles's name means "the glory of Hera ", even though he was tormented all his life by Hera, the Queen of the Gods.

Perhaps the most striking example is the Athenian king Erechtheus , whom Poseidon killed for choosing Athena over him as the city's patron god.

Fate , or destiny, plays a massive role in the stories of classical heroes. The classical hero's heroic significance stems from battlefield conquests, an inherently dangerous action.

Countless heroes and gods go to great lengths to alter their pre-destined fate, but with no success, as no immortal can change their prescribed outcomes by the three Fates.

After learning that his son, Oedipus , will end up killing him, the King of Thebes, Laius , takes huge steps to assure his son's death by removing him from the kingdom.

But, Oedipus slays his father without an afterthought when he unknowingly encounters him in a dispute on the road many years later.

The lack of recognition enabled Oedipus to slay his father, ironically further binding his father to his fate.

Stories of heroism may serve as moral examples. However, classical heroes often didn't embody the Christian notion of an upstanding, perfectly moral hero.

Classical heroes, regardless of their morality, were placed in religion. In classical antiquity , cults that venerated deified heroes such as Heracles , Perseus , and Achilles played an important role in Ancient Greek religion.

It is a set of 22 common traits that he said were shared by many heroes in various cultures, myths and religions throughout history and around the world.

Raglan argued that the higher the score, the more likely the figure is mythical. The concept of a story archetype of the standard monomythical "hero's quest " that was reputed to be pervasive across all cultures is somewhat controversial.

Expounded mainly by Joseph Campbell in his work The Hero with a Thousand Faces , it illustrates several uniting themes of hero stories that hold similar ideas of what a hero represents, despite vastly different cultures and beliefs.

The monomyth or Hero's Journey consists of three separate stages including the Departure, Initiation, and Return.

Within these stages there are several archetypes that the hero or heroine may follow including the call to adventure which they may initially refuse , supernatural aid, proceeding down a road of trials, achieving a realization about themselves or an apotheosis , and attaining the freedom to live through their quest or journey.

Campbell offered examples of stories with similar themes such as Krishna , Buddha , Apollonius of Tyana , and Jesus.

Occidental Mythology , Campbell writes "It is clear that, whether accurate or not as to biographical detail, the moving legend of the Crucified and Risen Christ was fit to bring a new warmth, immediacy, and humanity, to the old motifs of the beloved Tammuz , Adonis , and Osiris cycles.

The actions that fall into such a hero's sphere include:. Propp distinguished between seekers and victim-heroes. A villain could initiate the issue by kidnapping the hero or driving him out; these were victim-heroes.

On the other hand, an antagonist could rob the hero, or kidnap someone close to him, or, without the villain's intervention, the hero could realize that he lacked something and set out to find it; these heroes are seekers.

Victims may appear in tales with seeker heroes, but the tale does not follow them both. No history can be written without consideration of the lengthy list of recipients of national medals for bravery , populated by firefighters, policemen and policewomen, ambulance medics and ordinary have-a-go heroes.

The philosopher Hegel gave a central role to the "hero", personalized by Napoleon , as the incarnation of a particular culture's Volksgeist , and thus of the general Zeitgeist.

Thomas Carlyle 's On Heroes, Hero Worship and the Heroic in History also accorded a key function to heroes and great men in history.

Carlyle centered history on the biography of a few central individuals such as Oliver Cromwell or Frederick the Great. His heroes were political and military figures, the founders or topplers of states.

His history of great men included geniuses good and, perhaps for the first time in historical study, evil.

Explicit defenses of Carlyle's position were rare in the second part of the 20th century. Most in the philosophy of history school contend that the motive forces in history can best be described only with a wider lens than the one that Carlyle used for his portraits.

For example, Karl Marx argued that history was determined by the massive social forces at play in " class struggles ", not by the individuals by whom these forces are played out.

After Marx, Herbert Spencer wrote at the end of the 19th century: Before he can remake his society, his society must make him.

The Annales School , led by Lucien Febvre , Marc Bloch and Fernand Braudel , would contest the exaggeration of the role of individual subjects in history.

Indeed, Braudel distinguished various time scales, one accorded to the life of an individual, another accorded to the life of a few human generations, and the last one to civilizations , in which geography , economics and demography play a role considerably more decisive than that of individual subjects.

Among noticeable events in the studies of the role of the hero and Great man in history one should mention Sydney Hook 's book The Hero in History.

Miller , The Heroine's Text: Readings in the French and English Novel, — In the epoch of globalization an individual can still change the development of the country and of the whole world so this gives reasons to some scholars to suggest returning to the problem of the role of the hero in history from the viewpoint of modern historical knowledge and using up-to-date methods of historical analysis.

Within the frameworks of developing counterfactual history , attempts are made to examine some hypothetical scenarios of historical development.

The hero attracts much attention because most of those scenarios are based on the suppositions: If the term "heroine" exists, [ clarification needed ] "hero" is often the predominantly used term even though its neutrality can be put into question.

The definitions of the heroine often refer back to the one of the hero, but sometimes insinuate that their deeds are of less value, or were obtained only thanks to their love of God or a country or of a man.

Therefore, implying that an external explanation for the extraordinary nature of her deeds is needed to justify them.

The warrior women is considered unholy, unnatural. These figures tend to be erased because they don't fit in the feminine values they are supposed to represent.

Acts of heroism coming from women are acceptable, during specific time, like when men are at war, during times of crisis, but they are otherwise often seen as suspicious.

Moreover, women are often not individualized, but praised as a group for heroic deeds. Women in the military were often subordinated to tasks less likely to be praised than armed combat, and are rather praised for their courage as a general force, nurses during wartime are a good example of this phenomenon.

If their story gets told, they are made to fit in the acceptable script. Their story is told in a way as to match the expectations of femininity ex: So the set of strengths in which a heroine could historically express her value are overall not the same and perceived as less valuable than their masculine counterpart.

In general, the cultural repertoire of heroic stories requires different qualities for each gender.

The contrast of the ideal narrative line pits the autonomous ego-enhancing hero single-handedly and single-heartedly progressing toward a goal versus the long-suffering, selfless, socially embedded heroine, being moved in many directions, lacking the tenacious loyalty demanded of a quest.

If they get mentioned in history, the way their story is told also differs from their male counterpart, they are generally portrayed as young and beautiful, their actions are limited to a short time lapse in opposition to the possibility of a long heroic career for male heroes, underlying feelings that led to their heroic acts are underlined, overall less details about their life are kept and emphasis is put over their tragic death.

Not to forget that heroes and heroines are part of a social construct, their history is told and changes throughout history to serve different purposes of memory, propaganda according to diverse social, political or religious evolutions.

The word "hero" or "heroine", in modern times, is sometimes used to describe the protagonist or the love interest of a story, a usage which can conflict with the superhuman expectations of heroism.

In modern literature the hero is more and more a problematic concept. In , for example, William Makepeace Thackeray gave Vanity Fair the subtitle A Novel without a Hero , and imagined a world in which no sympathetic character was to be found.

Even the most sympathetic characters, like Captain Dobbin, are susceptible to weakness, as he is often narcissistic and melancholy.

The larger-than-life hero is a more common feature of fantasy particularly in comic-books and epic fantasy than more realist works.

The superhero genre is a multibillion-dollar industry that includes comic books, movies, toys and video games. Superheroes usually possess extraordinary talents and powers that no living human could ever emulate.

The superhero stories often pit a super villain against the hero, with the hero fighting the crime caused by the super villain.

Social psychology has begun paying attention to heroes and heroism. Zeno Franco and Philip Zimbardo point out differences between heroism and altruism, and they offer evidence that observers' perceptions of unjustified risk plays a role above and beyond risk type in determining the ascription of heroic status.

An evolutionary psychology explanation for heroic risk-taking is that it is a costly signal demonstrating the ability of the hero.

It can be seen as one form of altruism for which there are also several other evolutionary explanations.

Roma Chatterji has suggested that the hero or more generally protagonist is first and foremost a symbolic representation of the person who is experiencing the story while reading, listening or watching; [35] thus the relevance of the hero to the individual relies a great deal on how much similarity there is between the two.

He became a local hero when he saved the drowning child. My older sister is my hero. Entrepreneurs are our modern heroes. Compare heroine defs 1—3.

In its earliest use, the word hero was applied almost exclusively to a man. The corresponding word heroine was—and still is—reserved for a woman.

Hero is still sometimes used to refer specifically to a man: British heroes and heroines. But hero is now considered to be a gender-neutral word, and is also increasingly used to refer to a woman: In the sense "the principal character in a story, play, etc.

Hero of Alexandria , flourished 1st century a. Related Words for hero hoagie , sub , submarine , torpedo , grinder. Contemporary Examples of hero His hero , Bruce Springsteen, is a gazillionaire, but he still manages to come across as a regular guy, so perception is reality.

Matt Lewis January 5, King Goes to Hollywood: Coffee Talk with Ethan Hawke: Historical Examples of hero "It makes no difference to you where I got it," said our hero , returning the money to his pocket.

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And is one way more correct than the others? The story of an imaginary word that managed to sneak past our editors and enter the dictionary. How to use a word that literally drives some people nuts.

The awkward case of 'his or her'. Or something like that. Test your knowledge - and maybe learn something along the way. Synonyms Example Sentences Learn More about hero.

Synonyms for hero Synonyms: Noun 1 god , icon also ikon , idol Visit the Thesaurus for More. Examples of hero in a Sentence Noun 1 A motto of his hero , Thomas Edison, is inscribed on a favorite sweatshirt: And, like Conan Doyle, Rowling has won imperishable renown for giving us an identifiable hero and a fine caricature of a villain, and for making a fictional bit of King's Cross station as luminous as a certain address on nearby Baker Street.

It pits an American-led coalition against a potentially lethal enemy … — Lorenzo Carcaterra , People , 3 June Other physicists, long wedded to the notion that nothing can escape from a black hole, have generally come to accept that discovery.

And the stuff emitted from little black holes and big ones too, but far more slowly is now called Hawking radiation.

His father has always been his hero. He has always been a hero to his son. Recent Examples on the Web: Noun Even writers of romance fiction are having to revise the tropes of the seductive hero.

Miami Marlins 4, Milwaukee Brewers 3 10 innings ," 10 July Dele Alli and Harry Maguire, one of the unlikely heroes of this English campaign, both scored off headers to seal the victory against a Swedish side that lack that same confidence that carried them to Saturday's game.

How 'Ant-Man and the Wasp's end-credits scenes set up 'Avengers 4'," 7 July These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'hero.

Becker, however, does not provide any definitive answer, mainly because he believes that there is no perfect solution. Instead, he hopes that gradual realization of humanity's innate motivations, namely death, can help to bring about a better world.

Terror Management Theory has generated evidence supporting this perspective. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

This is the latest accepted revision , reviewed on 16 October For other uses, see Hero disambiguation and Heroes disambiguation. For the film, see Heroism film.

For the racehorse, see Heroic horse. It is not to be confused with Heroin. For other uses, see Heroine disambiguation. Philosophy of history and Great man theory.

Vanity Fair novel and Superhero. Retrieved 2 October Beekes , Etymological Dictionary of Greek , Brill, , p. An Introduction to Homer's Iliad.

University of California Press. Transactions and Proceedings of the American Philological Association. The Masks of God: The Study of Sociology , Appleton, , p.

United States Postal Service. The Hero in History. A Study in Limitation and Possibility. The Role of an Individual in History: Journal of Globalization Studies.

Gergen, Mary ; N. A Reader , Routledge, p. Sprague de Camp , Literary Swordsmen and Sorcerers: The Makers of Heroic Fantasy , p.

Vanity Fair Theme of Morality and Ethics. Retrieved December 6, , from http: A conceptual analysis and differentiation between heroic action and altruism".

Review of General Psychology. The evolution of charitable behaviour and the power of reputation. Contributions to Indian Sociology.

Hellraisers, Heroines and Holy Women. From Byron to Guevara. The Hero with a Thousand Faces. In Quest of the Hero. Hadas, Moses; Morton Smith The Heroes of the Greeks.

Hook, Sydney The Hero in History: Psychology of the Hero Soul. Lidell, Henry and Robert Scott. Victorian Constructions of the Heroic Civilian.

A Study in Tradition, Myth and Drama. Republished Smidchens, Guntis What Makes a Hero?: The Surprising Science of Selflessness.

Byronic hero Man alone Tragic hero. Gentleman detective Jack Trickster. Bad boy Gentleman thief Pirate Air pirate Space pirate. Double agent Evil twin.

Dark Lord Mad scientist Supervillain. Dragon Lady Femme fatale Tsundere. Jungle girl Magical girl. Princesse lointaine Southern belle Valley girl Yamato nadeshiko.

In the sense "the principal character in a story, play, etc. Hero of Alexandria , flourished 1st century a. Related Words for hero hoagie , sub , submarine , torpedo , grinder.

Contemporary Examples of hero His hero , Bruce Springsteen, is a gazillionaire, but he still manages to come across as a regular guy, so perception is reality.

Matt Lewis January 5, King Goes to Hollywood: Coffee Talk with Ethan Hawke: Historical Examples of hero "It makes no difference to you where I got it," said our hero , returning the money to his pocket.

Brave and Bold Horatio Alger. Greek myth a priestess of Aphrodite, who killed herself when her lover Leander drowned while swimming the Hellespont to visit her.

Greek mathematician who wrote on mechanics and invented many water-driven and steam-driven machines.

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